Sunday, 16 December 2018

UK, EU powers urge Trump to back Iran nuclear deal

BORIS Johnson EU UK

BRUSSELS: Britain, France and Germany made a joint plea to Donald Trump on Thursday to endorse a key nuclear deal with Iran as the US president mulls reimposing sanctions on Tehran.

“The deal is working, it is delivering on its main goal, which means keeping the Iranian nuclear programme in check,” said EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini, stressing the importance of preserving an agreement that is “making the world safer and… preventing a potential nuclear arms race in the region”.

Mogherini’s comments followed a meeting between her British, French and German counterparts with Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif in Brussels Thursday.

In sharp contrast to Trump’s view that the 2015 pact was “the worst deal ever negotiated”, the foreign ministers of the three countries and the EU’s top diplomat said there was no alternative to the accord and that sanctions should remain lifted.

UK-EU-BORIS

Trump is expected to decide on Friday whether or not to reimpose sanctions against Tehran that were suspended under the deal. In October, Trump refused to certify Iran was complying with the accord, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said there was “no indication” Tehran was not keeping its side of the bargain.

“It is important now that all parties respect this joint commitment and that our American allies respect it as well,” said Le Drian.

Reporting from Brussels, FRANCE 24’s Meabh McMahon noted that Mogherini was doing “everything she can to try to preserve the deal” and the display of European unity was critical. “This is one of the main diplomatic success stories of the European Union in the last couple of years. It’s a chance for the EU to show how it can solve problems globally by using its soft power,” McMahon added.

Javad Zarif

In a Twitter post, Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif said the meeting had shown a “strong consensus” that Iran was complying with the pact.

“E3 (Germany, France and Britain) and EU fully aware that Iran’s continued compliance [is] conditioned on full compliance by the US,” Zarif added.

While the joint European position was welcomed by the Iranian government, Mohammad Marandi, a political analyst at the University of Tehran, noted that if the EU did not transform rhetoric into action, the 2015 deal was in peril.

“The only thing now is for the European countries to show they have a backbone to stand up and show that they can protect their citizens and their businesses,” said Marandi in an interview with FRANCE 24 from Tehran. “If Iran sees that implementation in action, then there is hope for the deal. If not, if it’s just empty rhetoric and the Europeans are not willing to stand up to Trump, then the Iranians will withdraw from the deal.”

Under the accord, Iran slowed its nuclear program in exchange for an easing of international economic sanctions.

Officials from major world powers and Iran meet roughly every three to four months to assess implementation of the deal, which is monitored by the world’s nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency.

US officials and others familiar with the administration’s deliberations have indicated that Trump is likely to back the accord for now but that he may pair his decision with new, targeted sanctions on Iranian businesses and people.

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