Scientists have finally answered the most debatable question: whether the Mona Lisa is smiling or not?
It turns out, the Mona Lisa, immortalised by Leonardo Da Vinci in 1503, is smiling!
This is according to researchers from the University of Freiburg, who tested survey participant reactions to portraits. The team digitally manipulated black and white versions of the iconic portrait, creating four incrementally “happier” and gradually “sadder” versions of the image by adjusting the corner of her mouth. A block of nine images were shown to 12 trial participants 30 times, and were shuffled, with study participants asked to grade whether the Mona Lisa was happy or sad in each. Surprisingly, the original image was seen to be happy 97 per cent of the time. Juergen Kornmeier, co-author of the study, said,
“Given the descriptions from art and art history, we thought that the original would be the most ambiguous.” However, the study showed that given the relative context of a field of faces, the original was perceived as happy. Juergen added, “Our brain manages to very, very quickly scan the field. We notice the total range, and then we adapt our estimates.”