WASHINGTON: An estimated two million cyber attacks in 2018 resulted in more than $45 billion in losses worldwide as local governments struggled to cope with ransomware and other malicious incidents, a study showed Tuesday.
The Internet Society’s Online Trust Alliance, compiling data from the U.S. and some international sources, said other important losses came from fraudulently taking over business email credentials as well as “cyptojacking” or hijacking a computer or network to generate bitcoin or other virtual currency.
The report suggested cyber criminals are getting more sophisticated in targeting their victims, but also noted many attacks could have been prevented with improved computer security.
Various security researchers found as many as 6,515 computer breaches and five billion records exposed in 2018.
Jeff Wilbur, technical director of the alliance, said the report’s estimates are conservative because many attacks are not reported.
“The financial impact of cybercrime is up significantly and cyber criminals are becoming more skilled at profiting from their attacks,” Wilbur said.
Some $8 billion in losses came as the result of ransomware attacks including high-profile incidents targeting the cities of Atlanta, Georgia, and Baltimore, Maryland that forced the municipalities to rebuild their networks.
While the number of ransomware infects fell by an estimated 20 percent, the financial losses surged by 60 percent, the report said.